The leaders of the United States, Britain and Australia announced the establishment of a new cooperation in security under the name of AUKUS on 16 September 2021, in which the United States and Britain will share nuclear-powered submarine technology with Australia.
Experts believe that the “landmark trilateral partnership” will be seen by China as an attempt against itself, and in particular its regional influence in the South China Sea, in fact the United States does not hide the fact that the alliance was formed “against Beijing.” Indeed, in the past, the Russian Foreign Ministry has criticized the US creating areas of tension in the Indo-Pacific region and creating new dividing lines.
Currently, the United States has the most powerful army and military power in the world. Russia and China are considered forces close to the capacity of the United States in this regard. As a matter of fact, the United States ranks first in global gun power’s military power rankings.
After the announcement of AUKUS, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Moscow had not yet set a position on AUKUS. The Russian official stated that due to the lack of knowledge about the aims and objectives of the alliance, they are considering all issues regarding this trilateral partnership.
“First of all, we need to understand the details of this alliance. Of course, we are carefully examining the information. It is important that we understand the objectives, aims and tools before creating a position. We need to answer these questions. There is still very little information,” he said.
The Alliance foresees sharing the high-tech submarine project capable of launching nuclear missiles with Australia and deploying it in the waters of that country. In the past, the United States has only made the technology available to the UK. Therefore, the project is considered as a new step against China.
Political scientists pointed that happening these things also exposes deep problems and growing conflicts of interest within the Western military alliance. Answering ANKASAM’s questions, Azerbaijani political scientist Ramis Yunus* argued that this agreement established by the Anglo-Saxons was against China.
Yunus pointed out that Beijing, Moscow and Tehran have turned the power gap in the regions where the US has withdrawn to its advantage. “Russia and Iran evaluated the power gap in Syria. As soon as U.S. forces left Afghanistan, Russia and China were the first states to develop policies in there. As we know, Russia and Iran are two of the four actors mentioned in the U.S. National Security Document. China is allied with these states,” he said.
“The United States is not regional in general; focused on global problems. Japan, which is not a member of NATO in Asia, is trying to limit China by allying with states such as South Korea and Australia.” he commented.
Yunus stated that the transformation in question is due to a paradigm differentiation, “This is why the United States, which has stopped applying the old paradigms, did not intervene in the situations that developed in Georgia in August 2008, Ukraine in 2014 and the South Caucasus (Kharabakh War II) in 2020. All these developments show that although the new paradigms are not yet fully formed, the old methods are no longer being implemented,” he said.
Emphasizing that the US signing an agreement like AUKUS heralds new paradigms, Yunus said, “The European Union and NATO’s position is weak today. The revolutions in Arab countries and the U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan were a fiasco, and everyone saw it. U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken and U.S. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan made their first official visits to the countries mentioned. This US agreement with The UK and Australia now shows that the paradigm is moving away from ideology and slogan and into a realist ground. This situation is expected to continue. The reaction of competitors such as China will emerge over time.” Yunus also underlined that Great Britain doubled its defence budget last year.