Strong Reform Steps of President Mirziyoyev in the Process of Building a “New Uzbekistan”

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It seems unlikely that states that cannot adapt to the reality of the New World Order and configure themselves accordingly will be able to exist in the new international system. Therefore, the changing world brings with it the change of countries. As globalization accelerates the flow of information, it is observed that societies are more educated, knowledgeable and conscious. In this context, states will either enter a difficult period by failing to keep up with societies, or they will be the pioneers of change by taking into account the state-nation unity.

One of the continents where the process of change is clearly taking place is Asia. However, it is difficult to say that some countries have adopted the policy and thinking of change. For this reason, social events are occurring in various countries.  However, the states leading the change are developing rapidly within the framework of human values, strengthening the governing-managed unity and acting in accordance with the era, establishing a management required by the modern world for their citizens. One of the states that comes to the fore at this point is Uzbekistan.

The “Third Renaissance”, led by the President of Uzbekistan, Shevket Mirziyoyev, is being embodied with the slogan of “New Uzbekistan.” The “New Uzbekistan Movement”, which emerged as a result of Mirziyoyev’s many years of management experience, was fundamentally aimed at creating a modern society and state administration. However, Mirziyoyev, who has continuously developed the “New Uzbekistan” and increased its inclusivity through various policies and reforms, has taken a new step to achieve the ideal he has put forward.

On December 20, 2022, Mirziyoyev announced that important administrative reforms have been initiated in Uzbekistan as a first among the Central Asian countries in accordance with the historical mission he adopted. The statement is actually the announcement to the world of one of the complementary links of the chain of decisions taken towards the state order and management system in order to become a pioneer in the modern world and to further accelerate the development process of the country.

The adoption of the decree “On Measures to Implement the Administrative Reforms of New Uzbekistan” and the adoption of resolution on its implementation reveals that Mirziyoyev, who has a great experience in international politics, attaches importance to the continuation of modern state-building in domestic politics as well. It is seen that Mirziyoyev has taken steps that prioritize “the interests of the people and human dignity” by implementing an effective domestic policy, and thus adopts achieving high results as the main goal. In this context, the management power is being improved and reformed.

The establishment of a systematic public administration order in accordance with the contemporary needs of Uzbekistan’s population of 36 million and the reduction of the number of executive organs affiliated to the government from 61 to 28 will undoubtedly make a positive contribution to state-nation unity and strengthen center-periphery relations. Moreover, reducing the number of ministries from 25 to 21 at the point of consolidation of ministries with similar activities and orientations is also in line with the needs of the era in terms of optimization of the administrative apparatus and public interest. Certainly, it is possible to say that this will also be welcomed by the citizens of Uzbekistan.

In a sense, the process of implementing critical decisions of the state, which has freed itself from its burdens, simplified the bureaucracy and added dynamism to decision-making mechanisms, will also accelerate. At this point, reducing the number of advisers and assistants of the Prime Minister from three to two, the fact that Deputy Prime Ministers will not take administrative decisions of the state and these people will not be able to manage the executive bodies will raise the quality and viability of the government’s activities to a new level.

The modern and revolutionary administrative reforms implemented in Tashkent are the result of Mirziyoyev’s far-sighted visionary leadership and well-thought-out policy. Mirziyoyev, who initiated the “Third Renaissance” and led the process of rapid development in New Uzbekistan, is carrying out comprehensive reforms. The dynamism that these reforms bring to the state administration and the contribution they will make to social life will be experienced in the near future.

Mirziyoyev, who has been assigned an important mission and has set a vision at the point of state administration, emphasized important details in his speech to the Uzbek people and the Oliy Majlis on November 20, 2022. At the point of showing that it is the people themselves who direct the development, change and transformation process in the country, the Uzbek leader said, “The society is the initiator of the reform.”[1] and showed that they will work for the ideal of a more prosperous Uzbekistan with the words “the progress can be achieved only by working hard and courageously.”[2]

If a minister does not have a clear strategic approach in the sphere and his activity does not tackle the problems of people, can you tell me, what is the benefit in having him in the post? Underlining the need to move to a systematic administration in the country, Mirziyoyev asked to the question of, “If a minister does not have a clear strategic approach in the sphere and his activity does not tackle the problems of people, can you tell me, what is the benefit in having him in the post?”[3] Undoubtedly, this question summarizes the purpose of the reforms. “The priorities in the activity of the ministries will be the transparency, legality, efficiency and quality.”[4] It is obvious that Mirziyoyev wants to create a “hardworking” structure that takes care to meet the expectations of the people.[5]

Consequently, Uzbekistan acts with the ancient culture, history, faith, civilization and consciousness of Transoxiana, Central Asia, the Turkish and Islamic World and the Asian continent. When these characteristics are combined with Mirziyoyev’s profound experience, proactive policies in the face of crises, fair approach and stance that takes into account the interests of his people and human dignity, it becomes a driving feature at the point of development of the country. The political decisions taken in Uzbekistan and the reform steps taken are being made in order to bring a systematic management approach to the country. At this point, the design of the country’s administration is carried out at the highest levels with the support received from the public. This is not about making people fit into the state, it is about bringing the state and the administration to the point where the people want it. These moves of the Tashkent administration are important not only for Uzbekistan, but also for creating a peaceful environment based on cooperation with Uzbekistan from the point of view of the entire region. Mirziyoyev, who has transferred many powers to the parliament and the government in recent years, is very determined to apply Imam Maturidi’s philosophy of “Live always taking care about the people to gain their trust.” from the highest to the lowest levels of the state.[6] It is obvious that he will be successful in this with the support of the Uzbek people.

[1] “Address by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan H.E. Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev to the Oliy Majlis and the People of Uzbekistan”, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan,, (Date of Acession: 05.01.2022).

[2] Ibid.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid.

Prof. Dr. Mehmet Seyfettin EROL
Prof. Dr. Mehmet Seyfettin EROL
Born in 1969, Dörtyol-Hatay, Prof. Dr. Mehmet Seyfettin Erol graduated from Boğaziçi University (BU), Department of Political Science and International Relations in 1993. After completing his master's degree at BU in 1995, Erol was accepted to the PhD program at BU in the same year. After completing his PhD at Ankara University in 2005, Erol became an associate professor in the field of “International Relations” in 2009 and a professor in 2014. Erol worked at the Eurasian Center for Strategic Studies (ASAM) between 2000 and 2006 and and served as the General Coordinator of ASAM for a period. In 2009, he served as also Founding Chairman and Board Member of the Institute for Strategic Thinking (SDE). He is also the Founding President of the Center for International Strategy and Security Studies (USGAM) and the President of the International Relations Institute of the New Türkiye Strategic Research Center (YTSAM). Prof. Erol has also served as the Director of Gazi University Strategic Research Center (GAZISAM). In 2007, Prof. Erol received the “Turkish World Service Award” from the Writers and Artists Foundation of the Turkic World (TÜRKSAV), and has received numerous awards for his academic work and his activities in the media. Some of them can be listed as follows: 2013 “Print Media of the Year Award” by the Association of Contemporary Democrats, 2015 “APM 10th Year Service Award”, “2015 Press-Intellectual of the Year Award” by the Writers' Union of Türkiye (YTB), “2016 Volunteer Ambassadors Media Honor Award” by the Anatolian Village Guards and Martyrs' Families, “2016 Türkiye Honor Award” by the Yoruk Turkmen Federations. Prof. Erol has 15 book studies. The names of some of them are as follows: “The United States of Turks from Dream to Reality”, “Türkiye-EU Relations: Foreign Policy and Internal Structure Problems”, “The New Great Game in Eurasia”, “The Search for Strategy in Turkish Foreign Policy”, “The Search for Security in Turkish Foreign Policy”, “The Republic of Türkiye-Russian Federation Relations”, “The Cold Organization of Hot Peace: The New NATO”, “Theoretical Approaches in Foreign Policy Analysis: The Case of Turkish Foreign Policy”, “Crises and Crisis Management: Actors and Case Studies”, “Kazakhstan” and “Current Issues in International Relations”. Since 2002, Prof. Erol, who has carried out radio programs such as “Eurasia Agenda”, “Strategic Perspective”, “Global Perspective”, “Analysis”, “File”, “News Desk”, “The Other Side of the Agenda” on TRT Türkiye's voice and TRT Radio 1 (Ankara Radio), made the programs “Arayış” on TRT INT television between 2004-2007, “Beyond the Border” on Kanal A television between 2007-2010 and “Foreign Policy Agenda” on BBN TÜRK television in 2020-2021. Prof. Erol, whose foreign policy column “Arayış” was published in Milli Gazete between 2012-2018, is consulted for his expertise in numerous national and international media outlets such as television, radio, newspapers, news websites and magazines. Prof. Erol, who also taught at Gazi University Department of International Relations and Ankara University Latin American Studies Center (LAMER) between 2006-2018, has been continuing his academic career as a faculty member at Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University Department of International Relations since 2018. Since 2006, Prof. Erol has also taught in the Department of Political Science and International Relations at Ufuk University. The main areas of interest and expertise of Prof. Erol and the titles of his courses at the undergraduate, master's and doctoral levels in this area are as follows: “Geopolitics”, “Security”, “Intelligence”, “Crisis Management”, “Current Issues in International Relations”, “Turkish Foreign Policy”, “Russian Foreign Policy”, “US Foreign Policy” and “Central Asia and South Asia”. Prof. Erol, whose articles-evaluations have been published in many journals and newspapers, has been editor of academic journals such as “Eurasia File”, “Strategic Analysis”, “Strategic Thinking”, “Gazi Regional Studies”, “The Journal of SSPS”, “Black Sea Studies”. He is currently in the editorial boards of “Regional Studies,” “International Crisis and Political Research,” “Gazi Academic View”, “Ege University Turkish World Surveys”, “Ankara International Social Sciences”, “Democracy Platform”. Prof. Erol, who has been working as the Founding President of the Ankara Center for Crisis and Political Studies (ANKASAM) since 2016, is married and has three children.